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The Causes and Treatment Options for Glaucoma

Most people do not take eye disorders seriously. Dry Eye Syndrome (DES) and glaucoma are one of the most frequent eye disorders. Glaucoma is a lot more prevalent among older citizens. Stats show that nearly 10 percent of people over 80 years suffer from glaucoma. Glaucoma is a really dangerous disorder because it may result in loss of eyesight when left untreated.

Further, the eye disorder detection is rather difficult since the symptoms manifest themselves in more advanced phases. In glaucoma, the optic nerve becomes damaged, typically because of greater stress of aqueous humor, the fluid within the eye. Damage to the optic nerve could be little. However, over time, it can cause blindness.woman face

Types of Glaucoma

In open-angle glaucoma, the individual suffers a slow loss of vision resulting in complete blindness if left untreated. The field of vision slowly reduces, and you can find changes in the optic nerve. Due to the lack of changes in the first phases, it will become hard to detect. More than 90 percent of all glaucoma cases are open-angle.

Its symptoms can also be a lot more severe and include discomfort in the eyes and exceptionally red eyes. Vision loss might be quite surprising and extremely debilitating. Closed-angle glaucoma has to be treated because it could very quickly result in blindness.

Causes of Glaucoma

The principal reason for the eye disorder, as outlined previously, is a rise in the strain in the bronchial nerve in the aqueous humor. This gain in the pressure itself is affected by genetics. This eye disease can also be linked to age and is considerably more widespread among the older. This is due to genetics and increased health problems among the elderly, like hypertension.

Treatment of Glaucoma

There’s no permanent cure for glaucoma as of today, and each of the remedies can only offer temporary relief. In the early stages, glaucoma may be adjusted by using eye drops. These eye drops help to decrease the strain in the eyes. In subsequent phases, surgery could be successful in providing temporary relief. Surgery might be performed out through laser treatment. Typically, such operations do not offer long-lasting remedies.